OpenTX - Application Note 13
X6R Receiver Set Up
Set up an X6R receiver.
The features of the X6R include the following.
6 channels via individual sockets.
1-16 channels through the SBUS port.
Smart port used to connect telemetry sensors.
Status LEDs, red and green.
F/S (Fail Safe) bushbutton.
RSSI output – NOTE Despite documentation describing an RSSI output, there is not connection for it!!
External analog telemetry port (AD1)
ACCST is FRSky’s Advanced Continuous Channel Shifting Technology. It is the system of communication used between the Taranis and the receiver. The 2.4GHz channel frequency is automatically shifted hundreds of times a second without signal conflicts or interruptions.
Mounting the X6R Receiver in the Aircraft
Mount the receiver as far away from sources of electrical noise (motor, ESC, etc.) as possible. Mount the two antennae perpendicular to each other. Preferably, mount one antenna vertically.
Set Up in the Taranis Radio
In the Model Setup screen, under Internal RF, set the parameters as follows.
1. On the X6R receiver, press the F/S switch while applying power. The red and green LEDS are on.
2. On the Taranis in the Model Set Up screen under the ‘Internal RF’ heading, use the ‘-‘ and ‘+’ keys to select the ‘[Bind]’ parameter. Press ENT to bind the Taranis model to the receiver. The Taranis beeps and the [BIND] text flashes while in binding mode.
3. After about one second, the receiver red LED flashes. This indicates that binding has been completed. On the Taranis, press EXIT to exit the bind mode.
4. Disconnect power to the receiver.
5. Reconnect power and confirm that the receiver is bound. The green LED is on constantly for normal operation. The red LED flashes slowly if the receiver is not receiving signal.
There are three ways to set the channel operation when signal from the transmitter is lost. They are to hold the last position, set to a specified state or set no channel pulses. This is done in the Model Setup screen, under ‘Internal RF’, ‘Failsafe mode’.
If ‘Hold’ is selected, when the receiver loses signal, each channel output holds the last position.
If ‘Custom’ is selected, when the receiver loses signal, each channel is set to the values specified here. Select [Set] and value bars are displayed for each channel. The default value for every channel is zero (centre of range). Select each bar and use the ‘+’ and ‘-‘ buttons to set the failsafe values. Note that the throttle must be set to -100 for throttle to be off.
If ‘No Pulses’ is selected, when the receiver loses signal, pulses from each channel are off.
If ‘Receiver’ is selected, the failsafe mode is set by the receiver. Refer to the next section to set the failsafe mode on the receiver.
To set the failsafe mode on the receiver, first in the Taranis radio on the Model Setup screen, under Internal ‘RF’, set the ‘Failsafe mode’ to ‘Receiver. This must be done to enable the failsafe mode to be set in the receiver.
Hold Last Position
Procedure to set failsafe settings to hold last position on signal loss.
1. Re-bind the receiver. The default failsafe setting after binding is to hold each channel at the last position when the signal is lost.
Set Specific State
Procedure to set the failsafe settings to a specified state on signal loss.
1. Bind the receiver to the transmitter first. Turn on both the transmitter and the receiver.
2. Move all the controls to the desired signal loss positions. (eg. Aileron, elevator and rudder centred, throttle off.)
3. Briefly press the F/S button on the receiver. The green LED flashes off twice then returns to constantly on. This completes the failsafe setting procedure.
Set No Pulse Output
Procedure to set failsafe settings to no pulses on signal loss.
1. With the transmitter power off, turn on the receiver. The red LED slowly flashes.
2. Briefly press the F/S button on the receiver. The green LED flashes twice. The red LED continues to flash slowly. This completes the failsafe setting procedure.
1. Place the X6R receiver at least 60cm above a non-metallic surface.
2. On the Taranis, in the Model Set Up screen under the ‘Internal RF’ heading, use the ‘-‘ and ‘+’ keys to select the ‘[Range] parameter. Press ENT and the receiver’s RSSI value is displayed.
3. Walk away from the model, checking that all controls operate correctly at least 30m away. The RSSI low alarm is announced if the RSSI value falls below the RSSI Low Alarm value. Press ENT or EXIT to end the range check.
The X6R continuously transmits two standard telemetry data values to the transmitter. These values are AD1 (analog input 1) and RSSI (Received Signal Strength Indication). When the Taranis loses telemetry reception, a system alarm announces ‘Telemetry Lost’.
AD1 (Analog Input 1)
The AD1 analog input can be connected to the receiver internal power supply or to an external analog signal like a battery voltage sensor. With a link connected between pins A1 and the middle pin, AD1 is connected to the receiver internal power supply. For the voltage to be measured correctly, the range has to set on the Telemetry (Set Up) screen under the ‘A1 channel’ heading. Set the values as follows.
The X6R can operate down to 4.0 volts but the power supply to the X6R is normally 5.0 volts. This is why I have chosen these alarm levels.
Alternatively, plug an external analog sensor into the AD1 socket. Ensure that any external analog source does not exceed the maximum voltage of 3.3V. To do this, a voltage divider is used. (Refer to application note 18.)
The AD1 socket is on the under side of the X6R. In this photo, a link is shown between pins A1 and the middle pin which selects the internal power supply.
Analog input 1 is referred to as A1 in the Taranis. A1 appears by default on one of the standard telemetry screens of the Taranis transmitter. A1 can also be a source in an Inputs line or as a variable in a logical switch. Its value can also be announced by the ‘Play Value’ special function.
RSSI (Received Signal Strength Indication)
The RSSI value also appears by default on one of the Taranis standard telemetry screens. It can be used as a source in an Inputs line, or as a variable in a logical switch. Its value can also be announced by the ‘Play Value’ special function.
A low alarm is announced when the RSSI value drops to the Low Alarm parameter. A critical alarm is announced when the RSSI value drops to the Critical Alarm parameter. The Low and Critical Alarm parameters are set on the Telemetry Screen under the RSSI heading. The alarm parameters can be set differently for each model. Use the default values for normal operation.
When data logging is turned on in the Taranis and a logging file is created, all telemetry values are included in the logging file. Refer to Application Note 8 – GPS Sensor for information about turning logging on and displaying the logged data.
Smart port compatible sensors can be connected to the receiver smart port. Smart port sensors can be ‘daisy chained’ together. Their data is automatically added to the telemetry transmitted to the Taranis radio.